Millburn Township is a beautiful residential community located in the southwest corner of Essex County. The Township is easy to reach via the Midtown Direct line of New Jersey Transit, the Garden State Parkway, New Jersey Turnpike, and Routes 24 and 78.
Millburn Township has an excellent school system. New Jersey Magazine recently ranked Millburn High School among the Top 5 school districts out of 337 in the state. Niche.com consistently shows top rankings for all schools within the district. Township schools also receive a national ranking as having one of the most academically challenging high schools in the country as is evidenced by the number of Advanced Placement courses offered at Millburn High School.
The Township offers a wide variety of recreation programs, including a community pool, tennis courts and a Par 3 golf course. In addition, Millburn Township has many fine restaurants, a movie theater, the Hilton Short Hills, rated by AAA as a 5 Diamond Hotel.
There are 3,000 plus acres of reservation surrounding Short Hills and Millburn with hiking trails, waterfalls, pond fishing, and a dog park.
The recently expanded Turtle Back Zoo boasts an adventure course, South Mountain Arena for sports activities such as ice skating and ice hockey, miniature golf, swan paddle boats and extensive walking trails are accessible through the reservation. Parks within the township include Taylor Park, Old Short Hills Park, and Gero Park (home of the town pool, par 3, tennis courts, playground, and baseball fields).
The renowned Paper Mill Playhouse is New Jersey's premier regional theater. The mission of Paper Mill Playhouse is to enrich, entertain, and inspire their audience and students. They foster a creative environment for advancing the art form, educating students, and developing future theater lovers, while providing access for all.
The Cora Hartshorn Arboretum and Bird Sanctuary (CHA) is a non-profit organization located in Short Hills, New Jersey. The origin of the CHA goes back to a gift of land that Stewart Hartshorn made to his daughter, Cora L. Hartshorn, in 1923. Cora developed the area as a place where wild things could grow without harm and where people could come to enjoy them. The “Stone House” was designed by Architect Bernhardt E. Muller, built using trap rock from Stewart Hartshorn’s quarry in Springfield, NJ and completed in 1933.
Greenwood Gardens is a 28-acre public garden surrounded by 2,110 acres of Essex County Park System’s South Mountain Reservation. The Gardens were a private estate until 2003, when the Blanchard family decided to transform them into a public garden. Astride the western ridge of the Watchung Mountains and overlooking a vast preserve of forest and meadow, Greenwood is a contemporary garden and historic site rooted in the Arts & Crafts and Classical approaches to garden design. With Italianate garden terraces, grottoes, meandering moss-covered paths, allées of London plane and spruce trees, ornamental trees and shrubs, and wildflower meadows, Greenwood Gardens is a place of horticultural excellence. Removed from the sights and sounds of modernity, you will be transported back in time. Repeat visits are common.
Millburn Township is unique in that it offers upscale, high-end shopping within the confines of a quaint small downtown. Downtown Millburn also offers a variety of unique specialty shops, service-based businesses, and professional offices. The Mall at Short Hills, located on the western side of the Township, is a beautiful regional shopping center housing many upscale stores. The downtown and local shopping areas offer a variety of unique specialty shops, service-based businesses, and professional offices.
The present population of the Millburn-Short Hills area is approximately 20,130. Millburn Township is a full-service community where most residents live in single family homes. Millburn is comprised of the historic Wyoming district, and South Mountain and Millburn Center areas. Short Hills contains the sections of Knollwood, Glenwood, Brookhaven, Country Club, Deerfield, and Old Short Hills Estates.
Roads and Highways
As of May 2010, the township had a total of 100.77 miles (162.17 km) of roadways, of which 81.45 miles (131.08 km) were maintained by the municipality, 15.65 miles (25.19 km) by Essex County and 3.67 miles (5.91 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
A variety of roads serve Millburn. Major county routes include CR 510, CR 527 and CR 577. Route 24 and Route 124 also pass through along the southwestern border with Summit. Interstate 78 passes through the very southern tip of the township in the area of exit 49.
Millburn Train Station
Millburn Township is served by two New Jersey Transit railroad stations along the Morristown Line, providing service to Newark Broad Street Station, Secaucus Junction, and New York Penn Station, as well as to Hoboken Terminal. The Millburn station is located at the intersection of Essex Street and Lackawanna Place near the Millburn Free Public Library, and the Short Hills station is located near The Crescent Street between Hobart Avenue and Chatham Road. The latter station is also the site of the Millburn-Short Hills Historical Society's museum.
New Jersey Transit operates bus service in the township, including the 70 route that stops at the Millburn railroad station on a route between Newark and Livingston, with local service on the 873 route.
Newark Liberty International Airport is a 15-minute ride away.
Millburn began as a colonial settlement with agricultural origins, followed by a 19th century mill / factory economy and eventually became a Victorian residential community. There are many examples of this rich history still present in the township, from the Hessian House, the Cora Hartshorn Arboretum, the Paper Mill Playhouse, and the many beautiful homes from all phases of our history, to our 2 historic districts, Short Hills Park and Wyoming.
Millburn Township was once part of Elizabethtown and Newark settlements in New Jersey, created by a grant from Charles II to his brother James in 1664. In 1793, Springfield Township was created and it included Millburn. In 1857, Springfield became part of the new Union County and Millburn became a separate township within Essex County.
The topography of Millburn has determined its development. The last glacier that covered North America ended here, forming a "terminal morraine." As the glacier melted and retreated, it deposited a layer of sand, silt, clay, and boulders over the hard basalt substructure, creating irregular surfaces. The first inhabitants, the Lenape Indians, beat trails around these small or 'short' hills; streams cascading through them fueled colonial mills and 19th century factories; the railroad was built at the base of their slopes; and developers of suburban homes found knolls and uneven terrain attractive building sites.
Millburn in the Revolutionary War
With George Washington's army camped at Morristown and the British attacking through the Hobart Gap, Millburn was brought into the Revolutionary War. Washington allegedly viewed his troops from atop a strategic point in the South Mountain Reservation, now known as Washington Rock. The Battle of Springfield on June 23, 1780, marked the last thrust of the British into New Jersey and the 1st battle since Bunker Hill won by local militia supporting Continental troops. A reminder of the war still exists in the Parsil family cemetery on White Oak Ridge Road, where Nicholas Parsil was buried after being killed in a skirmish with the British.
After the Revolution, the town underwent another change. The Rahway River was dammed in 5 places to form mill ponds. Samuel Campbell built the first paper mill in 1790 and manufactured banknotes. Most of the early mills were paper mills, among them the Diamond Mill, now the site of the Paper Mill Playhouse, but hat mills eventually became dominant. In 1835 the Morris and Essex Railroad was finally completed, linking Millburn to the big cities in the east and the coal regions in the northwest.
Names of Millburn
Millburn has had many names, from Rum Brook, Vauxhall, Milltown, and Millville. In 1857, 'Millburn' was decided upon, partly because many of the town's residents were from Scotland and the mill burn (Scotch word for 'river' or 'stream') reminded them of home. Later there were disputes over the spelling of Millburn, but the double-L advocates won.
Development in Millburn
Once again, because of location, Millburn underwent another change: the creation of 2 residential suburbs within its borders. In 1872, the Wyoming Land and Improvement Company purchased 100 acres of land and the 1st speculative real estate development was started and named Wyoming. Stewart Hartshorn acquired 1552 acres to build his ideal village called Short Hills, the 1st planned commuter suburb in America.
Address: 434 Millburn Avenue, Millburn NJ 07041
Telephone: (973) 376-3600
Elementary: South Mountain, Wyoming, Glenwood, Deerfield, Hartshorn
Middle School: Millburn Middle School
High School: Millburn High School
NICHE RATINGS: #2 IN 2016 BEST SCHOOL DISTRICT IN NEW JERSEY
Overall Niche Grade
Clubs & Activites: A+
Health & Safety: A-
Millburn Township School Rankings
Niche ranks over 8,000 public school districts based on statistics and millions of opinions from students and parents.
2016 Districts with the Best Academics in New Jersey
#1 of 244
2016 Districts with the Best Teachers in New Jersey #1 of 243
2016 Best School Districts in New Jersey #2 of 251
K-8 Schools in Millburn Township Schools: A+
Deerfield Elementary School, Millburn Township Schools, NJK-58 reviews: A+
Glenwood Elementary School, Millburn Township Schools, NJK-5: A+
Hartshorn Elementary School, Millburn Township Schools, NJK-5: A+
Millburn Middle School, Millburn Township Schools, NJ6-85 reviews: A+
South Mountain School, Millburn Township Schools, NJK-52 reviews: A+
Wyoming Elementary School, Millburn Township Schools, NJK-5: A+
School Transportation Available
Subscription busing is available if you live less than 2 miles for K – 8 and 2.5 miles for high school. For free busing, the School District follows the state regulation that you have to be further than 2 miles for K - 8 and further than 2.5 miles for high school.